Welcome to the StressTyp Web Page. StressTyp is a typological database containing information on the metrical systems of 510 languages.

At the moment, two people ensure the continuation of the StressTyp project, Harry van der Hulst and Rob Goedemans.

You can read all about the first stages of StressTyp in the manual. StressTyp was created using 4th Dimension database software. During the first year of the Prosody of Indonesian Languages project (of which StressTyp was a part), we made a Windows version of the Mac original (still 4th Dimension). In the following years, the number of languages contained in StressTyp grew from 270 to 510. We have checked the content of the old records for errors, checked the original sources of languages for which the entry was only based on remarks in secondary sources, added examples where missing, and updated the language names and affiliations according to the SIL Ethnologue 13th edition standard.

During the PIL project we were approached by the editors of the World Atlas of Language Stuctures (WALS), a cooperative effort of the Max Planck institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig and linguists with typological databases from all over the world. StressTyp will be represented in this atlas, and has benefitted greatly from the cooperation with the WALS editors in that the language sample is now more representative of what we find in the world (we also thank Dik Bakker from the University of Amsterdam for his help in this respect). We have also thankfully used the list of descriptive sources that the WALS editors have provided.

StressTyp is now included in the Typological Database System, a joint venture of the Universities of Amsterdam, Leiden, Nijmegen, and Utrecht, which aims at development of a common query interface for multiple typological databases. A prototype of the system is up and running (but don't expect too much, it is a prototype, and it does not yet work properly in IE, if you have Firefox, use it). The TDS also contains SyllTyp, another database designed by Harry van der Hulst and Rob Goedemans. In the first phase of the TDS project, StressTyp was ported to Access, so that we can now serve a much bigger user group. Examples in IPA were converted to Unicode and the Ethnologue codes were updated to the 15th Edition.

You can obtain the StressTyp database through me. There are several versions:

  1. Legacy version: a full 4th Dimension version which allows you to use all the standard facilities of the 4th Dimension database package and which allows multiple processes to run at the same time
  2. Legacy version: same as above but for MacIntosh (this version comes as is, support is no longer possible)
  3. Legacy version: 4D runtime, only does the things I programmed into it.
  4. Access version: All the original data, and a new user interface. It is almost as complete as the 4th Dimension version. Only the statistics module is missing.

We strongly advise users to obtain the Access version. The other versions are no longer updated. When you do wish to use one of the full 4th Dimension versions you will need to buy 4th Dimension (the Database package for which the StressTyp application was written, cost: about $500, contact ACI). The runtime version of StressTyp, which I can distribute freely with the consent of ACI, can be obtained without cost. I will only ask you to fill out a license agreement form. The Access version, of course, can be used on any PC that has MS Office installed. In all cases you need to contact me to get the StressTyp application.

The core fields from StressTyp are represented in an on line version. You can use this version for relatively simple queries. For more advanced work you'll need to obtain the stand-alone application.

Much of what you will see when you enter the database will be abracadabra without reference to the manual. A preliminary version of a completely redone version of the StressTyp manual is available in PDF format.

A book on the ideas behind StressTyp (and its application in metrical phonology) has appeared in 1996. The full reference is:

Goedemans, R.W.N., H.G. van der Hulst & E.A.M. Visch (1996). Stress Patterns of the world. Part 1: Background. HIL Publications II. Holland Academic Graphics. The Hague.

You can obtain it by contacting me.

A second book, Stress Patterns of the World: Data, is in preparation. read more...

 Pages maintained by Rob Goedemans
 Last update: 29-1-2009
 © LUCL/ Leiden University